Indiana’s most commonly reported STDs in 2018 were chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, with its 364 syphilis cases representing an 18% growth rate from 2017. Although Wayne County’s data for 2018 indicated the same three prevalent STDs, it reported less than five cases of syphilis — still an increase from the previous year’s count of zero. The county’s 2018 chlamydia rate of 438.2 per 100,000 persons represented 85% of Indiana’s 517.2, and Wayne County’s gonorrhea frequency of 185.8 surpassed that of the state’s 180.3 per 100,000 for the same time period.
In 2018, chlamydia continued to be the most predominant STD in Indiana and Wayne County. Female infections accounted for 68.1%, more than twice their male counterparts’ 31.9%. Of the state’s 34,481 total chlamydia cases in 2018, those aged 20-24 represented 37.6% of the total, followed by the 0-19 age group at 29.7%.
Indiana’s male population took the lead in the number of gonorrhea cases in 2018, representing 50.1% of the state’s 12,020 incidents. Male disclosures saw a 2.7% increase from the 5,860 cases in 2017. Females reported more gonorrhea infections in 2017, 50.1% of the total 11,753, but between 2017 and 2018, the number of female cases increased by only 1.8%. The Centers for Disease Control’s Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2018 showed similar results, with male numbers rising 6% compared to females’ 3.6% during the same period. The CDC also reported that males continued to account for the majority of gonorrhea incidents between 2014 and 2018. Nationally, the rate of male cases grew by 78.7% over the four years compared to their female counterparts’ 45.2%. According to the CDC, the wide disparity may be attributable to either increased transmission or reporting among men who have sex with men.
Of Indiana’s 364 primary and secondary syphilis cases, males accounted for 93.7% in 2018. The male gender realized a 21% increase in reported cases between 2017 and 2018. The state’s total of 364 primary and secondary cases marked a rise of 17.8% between 2017 and 2018, exceeding the national rate of 14.9% during the same time frame. The CDC revealed the overall number of primary and secondary syphilis infections reached 35,063 in 2018. However, while Indiana’s number of female cases dropped by 17.9%, the gender’s numbers increased by 30.4% nationally between 2017 and 2018.
If you’re a sexually active adolescent or adult, it’s imperative that you get tested for STDs regularly to avoid long-term health problems and the spread of the disease. STDs are frequently asymptomatic, and you may not even realize you’re infected. While most STDs are curable, they’re all treatable with proper and timely care. Fortunately, there are many free and low-cost clinics in Richmond and the surrounding areas that offer testing and treatment options for STDs.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) remain one of the most critical public health challenges facing the United States, with approximately 26 million new STD infections occurring every year. Nearly half of these new infections affect young people ages 15 to 24.
Community-based organizations are a vital first line of defense in the fight against STDs and HIV/AIDS in particular. They generate awareness and foster social change while providing access to testing and treatment.
You may not be aware of all the STD resources available in Richmond that can help prevent the spread of STDs. Get connected with these community organizations that are leading the fight against STDs and HIV/AIDS with resources and support:
The Wayne County Community Health Clinic is a division of the health department. It offers free syphilis and hepatitis B and C testing in addition to HIV testing and counseling. If you think you may have come into contact with an infected individual, you can visit the clinic on Thursdays from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Appointments aren’t necessary.
100 South 5th Street
Richmond, IN 47374
If you live or work northwest of Richmond and are a sexually active adult, Open Door Health Services is an option for STD testing. The facility offers screening for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV. The clinic’s Disease Intervention Specialists provide treatment and assistance to individuals who’ve tested positive and conduct home visits as necessary. Open Door Health Services works on a sliding-fee scale. The clinic’s hours are Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Tuesdays from 9:30 a.m. to 7 p.m.
333 South Madison Street
Muncie, IN 47305
Planned Parenthood in Hamilton, OH, is a good choice if you live or work south of Richmond. The clinic offers testing and treatment for a wide variety of STDs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, in addition to HPV and hepatitis A and B vaccines. It also provides HIV testing and case management, as well as PEP and PrEP preventative treatments. Planned Parenthood’s services are available for males and females from adolescence through adulthood. The clinic accepts most major insurance plans and offers a sliding-fee scale if you’re without insurance. It operates on Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays from 9 a.m. – 4 p.m., on Tuesdays from 12 p.m. – 7 p.m., and the second Saturday of the month from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.
11 Ludlow Street
Hamilton, OH 45011
The Bell Flower Clinic functions as part of the Marion County Public Health Department. Its trained clinicians provide STD testing for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and HIV. The facility offers physical exams for individuals who have symptoms. If you test positive, its Disease Intervention Specialists will follow-up with you to arrange appropriate services, including partner notification. The Bell Flower Clinic also dispenses herpes and HPV treatment. The clinic is open Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., and appointments are required. Insurance is not accepted, and appointments cost a flat fee of $20. Individuals aged 14 and older don’t need parental consent, and all services are confidential.
Fifth Third Bank Building, 1st floor
640 Eskenazi Avenue
Indianapolis, IN 46202
Public Health Dayton & Montgomery County provides confidential testing and treatment resources for various STDs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. You can also get rapid HIV testing and PrEP prevention at this location. All testing and treatment resources are confidential. The clinic requires appointments, and its hours are Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
117 South Main Street
Dayton, OH 45422